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Showing posts from September, 2019

Epigenesis, inherited memories and moods lasting over several generations

Nikolina Benedikovic had an interesting comment concerning multiverse interpretation. The comment was following.

"One can imagine an intelligent amoeba with a good memory. As time progresses, the amoeba is constantly splitting, each time the resulting amoebas having the same memories as the parent. Our amoeba hence does not have a life line, but a life tree." - Huge Everett

Nikolina: Dear Mr. Everett!

Before we find out what the true interpretation of quantum mechanics is, we will have to answer this question; why the amoeba possesses this "super power" of splitting and the electron and human being don't.

I agree with Nikolina. The following is my comment about what is involved.

1. What behaviors are?

The behavior of amoeba has nothing to do with parallel universes of Everett. The behavior as such is however highly interesting and challenges standard theories of biology and perhaps also of physics. Memories seem to replicate.

What do we mean with memories now…

Minimization of Gibbs free energy as thermodynamical variational principle in TGD framework

Minimization of Gibbs free energy is applied routinely in bio-chemistry as a thermodynamical variational principle. I have however not applied thermodynamical variational principles systematically in TGD inspired quantum biology. My excuse could be that it is not clear whether dark matter as heff=n× h0 phases is in thermal equilibrium with the ordinary matter. Therefore the arguments have been based mostly on energy minimization and make sense thermodynamically at zero temperature limit.

This article was inspired by highly interesting findings related to the stability of DNA double strand. It has been thought that hydrogen bonds between the bases of the two strands are responsible for the stability. This explanation has been challenged (for a popular article see this). According to the article of Bobo Feng et al, the experimental findings support the proposal that hydrophobic forces are actually responsible for the stability. The function of hydrogen bonds would be to…

How could the representations of genetic code as dark 3-chords and nucleotide triplets relate?

One of the poorly understood aspects of the model is how the various representations of the code relate.

Frequency coding of nucleotides is not possible

Frequency coding of nucleotides would look natural but it is easy to see that it is in conflict with bio-harmony.

The representations as dark proton triplets and dark photon triplets do not involve decomposition to ordered triplet of letters as the ordinary chemical representation does. Dark protons are entangled and one cannot order them and there is no obvious ordering of the frequencies of dark photons.

This is not a problem for the correspondence between dark proton triplets and dark photon triplets and one can even imagine assignment of dark cyclotron photons with 3 parallel flux tubes acting as wave guides. This could mediate the interaction between dark variants of basic biomolecules with same value of heff as frequency resonance.

The interaction between ordinary DNA/RNA/tRNA and its dark variant should involve the tra…

The details of the genetic code in the model based on bio-harmony

TGD suggests several realizations of music harmonies in terms of Hamiltonian cycles representing the notes of music scale, most naturally 12-note scale represented as vertices of the graph used. The most plausible realization of the harmony is as icosahedral harmony (see this and this).

Icosahedron (see this) has 12 vertices and Hamiltonian cycle as a representation of 12-note scale would go through all vertices such that two nearest vertices along the cycle would differ by quint (frequency scaling by factor 3/2 modulo octave equivalene). Icosahedron allows a large number of inequivalent Hamiltonian cycles and thus harmonies characterized by the subgroup of icosahedral group leaving the cycle invariant. This group can be Z6, Z4, or Z2 which acts either as reflection group or corresponds to a rotation by π.

The fusion of 3 icosahedral harmonies with symmetry groups Z6, Z4 and Z2 gives 20+20+20=60 3-chords and 3+1 + 5 + 10 =19 orbits of these under symmetry group and…

How the new view about solar fusion forces to change the ordinary views about nuclear physics?

First a general comment about nuclear physics, which applies with appropriate modifications also to the evolution of theoretical particle physics (or lack of it) after the emergence of standard model followed by GUTS and superstring models.

One can see the standard nuclear physics as a tragic Odysseia due to the stubborn sticking to the naive length scale reductionism. All began with the modelling of nucleons as point like particles inspired by the successes of atomic physics. It turned out that the model for nucleons as point like particles failed and we still do not understand low energy nuclear physics. The wave-mechanical potential models and QFT models assuming the notion of point-like nucleon led to an inflation of nuclear models each of them explaining some aspects of nuclei but a real theory is still missing.

Dark nuclear physics was originally suggested in TGD framework to explain "cold fusion" and later conjectured to allow the understanding of pre-stel…

New predictions from the flux tube model of galaxies

The proposed solution of the abundance problem of solar models leads to a much more detailed view about

the formation of stars as flux tube tangles. The model allows to relate to radius of the Sun to its mass assuming that Sun has been produced by a thickening of a straight portion of a cosmic string. This

I have proposed that this general vision applies also to the formation of spiral galaxies. This can be tested in the case of Milky Way at order of magnitude level.

The mass M(gal) of the Milky way is estimated to be in the range [.8,4.5]× 1012M(Sun). For a string with maximal string tension this would correspond to a direct string portion with length L(gal)= M(gal)/R(Sun)= M(gal)/M(Sun).

In fact, this stringy mass formula is known to hold for quite a many astrophysical objects as I learned decades ago in a particle physics conference - in good old times times particle physics conferences allowed non-main-stream talks during the last conference day. This gives the estimate L(…

Solar metallicity problem from TGD perspective

For ten years ago it was thought that Sun is a well-understood system but more precise computations demonstrated a problem. The metallicities deduced from spectroscopic data deviate strongly from those deduced from helio-seismology and solar neutrino data as described in the Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics by Martin Asplund et al, who were pioneers modelling solar surface as 3-D structure rather than idealizing it with 2-D structure.

The abundances used are determined from meteorites and these estimates are more accurate and are consistent with the values determined by Asplund et al and used also to extrapolate the metallicities in core.

The metallicity of Sun deduced from spectroscopy by Asplund et al would be 1.3 per cent whereas the older model and also helio-seismology give 1.8 per cent metallicity. Is the metallicity indeed 1.3 per cent using standard model to extrapolate the spectroscopic data at surface? Or is it 1.8 per cent deeper in the interio…

The problem with SUSY

SUSY is the basic problem of modern physics. Or rather its mis-interpretation forcing Majorana spinors and loss of fermion number conservation. Most importantly, there is no sign about SUSY in this sense at LHC but it seems that the message is still not received.

SUSY has been also a problem of TGD for decades. TGD forces a huge extension of super-conformal invariance by replacing 2-D surfaces with 3-D light-like surfaces. The extended super-conformal and super-symplectic symmetries characterize also the light-cone boundary of 4-D Minkowski space with points replaced with CP2 making the dimension of M4 unique. M4×CP2 is also forced by the existence of twistor lift of TGD.

TGD SUSY must conserve fermion number. How? TGD allows separate conservation of baryon and lepton number and the idea was that right-handed neutrino generates the least broken SUSY as N=2 supersymmetry. The idea was wrong.

The generalization of super-space geometry to a super-geometry of sub-manifold…

Do hydrogels learn in presence of irradiation and heating?

A research group in Aalto yliopisto led by professor Olli Ikkala has published an interesting article with title " Programmable responsive hydrogels inspired by classical conditioning algorithm". What is observed

that a system consisting of hydrogel and Gold nanoparticles can get conditioned when it is heated in the presence of irradiation at blue and red wavelengths. Conditioning means that the system melting under heating learns to melt in the presence of only irradiation. The experimenters assume that the Gold nanoparticles forming chains during heating serve as a memory element in the learning.

The TGD based quantum model for the conditioning of hydrogel system relies on TGD inspired general model of living systems extended recently to a model of quantum self-organization in which energy feed serving as metabolic energy feed induces generation of dark matter as heff=nh0 phases of ordinary matter at the magnetic body of the system. In number theoretic visi…

Has LIGO observed gravitational echoes in 21 minute time scale?

LIGO has observed for few days ago two gravitonal waves with a time lapse of 21 minutes in the same direction (see this). The events are christened as S190828j and S190828l. This suggests that the signals coule orginate from same event. Gravitational lense effect could be one explanation.

TGD suggests an alternative explanation based on the notion of gravitational flux tubes. Magnetic flux tubes, in particular gravitational flux ones, form loops. The later signal could have spent 21 minutes by rotating around this kind of loop. This rotation can occur several times but the intensity of signal is expected to diminish exponentially if only a constant fraction remains in loop at each turn.

This sticking of radiation inside magnetic loops predicting echo like phenomenon is a general prediction of TGD and I have considered the possible occurrence of this phenomenon for cosmic gamma rays arriving in solar solar system in a model for solar cycle.

This kind of repetition of t…