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Showing posts from March, 2019

Why the interstellar gas is ionized?

I became aware about new-to-me cosmological anomaly. FB really tests by tolerance threshold but it is also extremely useful.

The news is that the sparsely distributed hot gas in the space between galaxies is ionized. This is difficult to understand: as universe cooled below the temperature at which hydrogen atoms became stable, it should neutralized in standard cosmology.

In biosystems there is similar problem. Why biologically important ions are indeed ions at physiological temperatures? Even the understanding of electrolytes is plagued by a similar problem. It sounds like sacrelege to even mention to a fashionable deeply-reductionistic popular physicist talking fluently about Planck scale physics, multiverses, and landscape about the scandalous possibility that electrolytes might involve new physics! The so called cold fusion is however now more or less an empirical fact (see this) and takes place in electrolytes - also living matter is an electrolyte.

TGD explanation i…

Evidence for omega meson of M89 hadron physics from CMS?

Lubos Motl tells that CMS has reported evidence for a bump at 400 GeV decaying to top quark pairs. Local evidence is 3.5 sigma. Look elsewhere effect reduces it to 1.5 sigma. What was searched was new neutral scalar or pseudoscalar Higgs particle predicted by SUSY scenarios. The largest deviation from standard model background was observed for pseudoscalar Higgs.

Lubos wants to interpret this as evidence for CP odd Higgscalled "A" (C even, P odd). The article with title Search for heavy Higgs bosons decaying to a top quark pair in proton-proton collisions at s1/2 = 13 TeV" tells that the search is sensitive to the spin of the resonance. I do not however know how well the spin and CP of the decaying resonance candidate are known.

It is assumed that the resonance candidate is produced as two gluons annilate dominantly to top quark pair which couples to the Higgs candidate resonantly and decays dominantly to top quark pair. There are two effects involved. Res…

The masses of hadrons, weak bosons, and Higgs in p-adic mass calculations

The TGD based model for the additional features of spin puzzle of proton led to a model of baryon in which flux the quark and antiquark at the ends of flux tubes connecting valence quarks to a triangular structure replace sea quarks, which represent a rather ugly feature of perturbative QCD. This led also to a model allowing to understand the successful predictions of baryon masses and magnetic moments in the old Gell-Mann quark model and also how constituent quark masses and current quark masses relate. It also turned out to possible to understand the masses baryons and mesons in p-adic framework.

This led to the question about weak boson and Higgs masses, which had remained poorly understood p-adically: success story continued. The secret of the success is that p-adic arithmetics combined with some very mild physical assumptions is extremely powerful constraint and leads to predictions having 1 per cent accuracy. These calculations are contained by the previous blog p…

Does 160 minute period define a universal "alpha rhythm"?

Sometimes there is a flood of interesting links in FB. This happened also now after a dry period lasting for months. First came new results related to Aleph anomaly, then new discoveries related to the spin puzzle of proton, and now about finding suggesting an analog of fundamental biorhythm 10 Hz in cosmic scales.

The posting in Tallbloke's talkshop titled Evidence for a 160 minute oscillation affecting Galaxies and the Solar System tells about the finding by Valery Kotov that many celestial objects have parameters, which correspond to a fundamental frequency of 160.0101 minutes. There is an overwhelming evidence that a non-local phenomenon is in question. For instance, Earth day is 9 times 160 minutes.

The article gives a long list of links to works demonstrating the presence of this period. See for instance Kotov S.V, Kotov V.A., 1997, Astron. Nachr. 318, 121-128.

This period occurs in many contexts.

Infrasonic oscillations, measured by Doppler effect, on the surf…

A new twist in the spin puzzle of proton

A new twist has appeared in proton spin crisis.

u and d sea antiquarks contribute differently to proton spin which looks very strange if sea quarks originate from the decays of gluons as perturbative QCD predicts.

The amount of dbar type sea quark is larger than that of ubar type sea quark. But the amount of proton spin assignable to dbar quark is smaller!

In TGD framework these findings give very valuable hints concerning the detailed structure of proton and also the proper interpretation of what are called sea quarks.
First of all, the notion of sea parton is rather fuzzy statistical notion tailored to the needs of perturbative QCD. Could it be that there could be a much more structured description analogous to that of atom or nucleus? In TGD framework nuclear string model describes nuclei as collection of nucleons connected by flux tubes having quark and antiquark at ends.
What does one obtain if one applies this picture to the ealier model in which valence quark …

Aleph anomaly just refuses to disappear

From FB I learned about evidence for a bump around 28 GeV ). The title of the preprint is " Search for resonances in the mass spectrum of muon pairs produced in association with b quark jets in proton-proton collisions at s1/2 = 8 and 13 TeV. Thanks to Ulla for the link.

An excess of events above the background near a dimuon mass of 28 GeV is observed in the 8 TeV data, corresponding to local significances of 4.2 and 2.9 standard deviations for the first and second event categories, respectively. At 13 TeV data the excess is milder. This induced two dejavu experiences.

1. First dejavu

Last year (2018) came a report from Aleph titled " Observation of an excess at 30 GeV in the opposite sign di-muon spectra of Z→ bbbar+X events recorded by the ALEPH experiment at LEP" . The preprint represents re-analysis of data from 1991-1992. The energy brings strongly in mind 28 GeV bump.

TGD - or more precisely p-adic fractality - suggests the existence of p-adically scal…

Minimal surfaces: comparison of the perspectives of mathematician and physicist

The popular article Math Duo Maps the Infinite Terrain of Minimal Surfaces was an exceptional representative of its species. It did not irritate the reader with non-sense hype but gave very elegant and thought provoking representation of very abstract ideas in mathematics.

The article told about the work of mathematicians Fernando Coda Marques and Andre Neves based on the thesis of John Pitts about minimal surfaces but forgotten by mathematics community. Minimal surfaces are also central in TGD - in TGD Universe space-times are minimal surfaces with lower-dimensional singularities - and this motivated an article representing minimal surfaces from the point of view of mathematician and physicist. The view is highly subjective since the physicist is me. In the article I discuss the basic ideas about minimal surfaces, summarize the basic mathematical results of Marques and Neves, and discuss minimal surfaces from TGD point of view.

See the article Minimal surfaces: …

Could one distinguish experimentally between standard and TGD views about time?

I received a link to an interesting popular article "Neuroscientists read unconscious brain activity to predict decisions". The article tells about the work of Koenig-Robert and Person published in Scientific Reports as an article with the title "Decoding the contents and strength of imagery before volitional engagement".

I received also two other highly interesting articles, which have helped in the construction of a more detailed model for memory recall in TGD framework. The second link was to a popular article in Science News with title "Ripples race in the brain as memories are recalled" telling about the findings of neuroscientists Vaz et al about memory recall published in Science as article with title "Coupled ripple oscillations between the medial temporal lobe and neocortex retrieve human memory" .

The third link was to a popular article"The human brain works backwards to retrieve memories". The article tells abou…

Hachimoji DNA from TGD perspective

The popular article " Freaky Eight-Letter DNA Could Be the Stuff Aliens Are Made Of" (see this) tells about very interesting discovery related to astrobiology, where the possible existence of variants of DNA and other bio-molecules are of considerable interest. The article "Hachimojii DNA and RNA: A genetic system with eight building blocks" (see this) published in Science tells about a discovery of a variant of DNA with 8 letters instead of 4 made by Hoshika et al (see this). By using an engineered T7 RNA polymerase this expanded DNA alphabet could be transcribed into Hachimoji variant of RNA. The double strand structure of hachimoji DNA is similar to that of ordinary DNA and it is thermodynamically stable.

No amino-acid counterparts assigned to the hachimoji RNA were engineered: this would require the existence of translation machinery. The possible existence of also additional amino-acids leads to the speculation is that both alien life forms util…

What went wrong with SUSY?

As we now know, SUSY was not found at LHC and the basic motivation for SUSY at LHC energies has disappeared. The popular article

Where Are All the 'Sparticles' That Could Explain What's Wrong with the Universe? tells about the situation. The title is however strange. There is nothing wrong with the Universe. Theoreticians stubbornly sticking to a wrong theory are the problem .

Could it be that the interpretation of SUSY has been wrong? For instance, the minimal N=1 SUSY predicts typically Majorana neutrinos and non-conservation of fermion number. This does not conform with my own physical intuition. Perhaps one should seriously reconsider the notion of supersymmetry itself and ask what goes wrong with it.

Can TGD framework provide any new insight?

TGD can be seen as a generalization of superstring models, which emerged years before superstring models came in fashion. In superstring models supersymmetry is extended to super-conformal invariance and could give badly b…

Books split in pieces and homepage re-organized

I have used more than month to the updating of books and homepage. This is not rocket science but gives a feeling of doing something useful when ideas do not flow.

I decided to divide 7 books into two pieces since their page number was around thousand and quite too high for any reader. The number of shortened books is now 24, the magic number of mathematics and mathematical physics. Amusingly, also my name day happens to be February 24! I decided to keep also the full books so that reader can choose. Besides this there are 7 longer versions giving 31 books: 31 is Mersenne prime and one in the Combinatorial Hierarchy. Seems that I cannot write books anymore!

The updating required rewriting the introductions. This led to critical questions and new understanding about old problems. Returning repeatedly to old writings can be painful but is also extremely powerful manner to generate ideas. Recommended. As a result, I have written some blogposts and articles, and also added contributi…